HDFC Inventory Is A Purchase On Future Development Potential (NYSE:HDB)



Mrinal Pal/iStock Editorial through Getty Photographs

Following regulatory restrictions imposed by the Reserve Financial institution of India (RBI) since December 2020, shares of HDFC Financial institution (NYSE:HDB) – India’s largest non-public lender – have underperformed. HDFC’s inventory value has been largely flat this yr whereas rival ICICI Financial institution (IBN) against this has seen its inventory value leap greater than 30%.

HDFC Bank stock

Supply: Yahoo! Finance

The ban, which prevented HDFC from issuing new bank cards, was lifted in August this yr, which helped the financial institution report strong quarterly outcomes. For Q2 FY 2022 (quarter ended September 2021), HDFC reported revenues of INR 250 billion up 14.7% YoY, internet income of INR 88 billion up 18% YoY partly pushed by a wholesome mortgage development of 15.5% YoY, which is almost thrice the banking sector’s price (banking system advances grew 6.7% within the quarter to September 2021 in response to the Reserve Financial institution of India), and powerful payment earnings.

Q2 2022

Q1 2022

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HDFC’s constructive momentum has room to run and a number of other elements might drive development together with bank cards, mortgages and company lending.

Bank cards

Though HDFC misplaced bank card market share in the course of the eight month ban (Macquarie figures reveal HDFC misplaced 180 foundation factors between November 2020 and Could 2021 whereas SBI and ICICI Financial institution gained 37 and 130 foundation factors respectively), the financial institution nonetheless managed to cling on to its crown as India’s main card issuer with a 24% market share. SBI (OTCPK:SBKJY) and ICICI Financial institution adopted behind with market shares of 19.2% and 17.4% respectively.

HDFC Bank vs SBI vs ICICI credit cards

Supply: Bloomberg

Though ICICI noticed robust development in general card spends due to a rise in card issuance, HDFC managed to remain forward.

Top banks by credit card spends

Supply: Enterprise Insider India

HDFC is also forward of its main rival by way of per card spend though it lags smaller rivals.

Banks - per card spend

Supply: CNBC TV18

With the ban lifted in August 2021, HDFC has been aggressively working to reclaim misplaced market share in the course of the eight month ban by means of a mixture of natural and inorganic ways.

In direction of that finish, whereas beefing up its IT programs to handle technological glitches (which led to the RBI ban within the first place) the financial institution has a number of bank card buyer acquisition methods in place together with concentrating on new buyer segments akin to youthful customers and customers in rural and semi-rural areas. Having initially set a goal of issuing 300,000 new playing cards a month as soon as the ban was lifted in August, the financial institution started issuing playing cards at a feverish tempo publish embargo. This goal was thus handily exceeded only a month later in September when a document 400,000 new playing cards have been issued, and HDFC subsequently pushed up its goal to 500,000 playing cards a month over the subsequent two quarters.

To place this into perspective, ICICI Financial institution issued near 2 million playing cards within the 10 months to September.

As a frontrunner within the playing cards house, we promised, we would be again with a bang. We at the moment are pushing the pedal not solely to amass new prospects, but in addition to boost choices of our present playing cards.”

– Parag Rao, Group Head – Funds, HDFC Financial institution

To additional enhance to their efforts, a number of partnerships have been inked to supply co-branded bank cards. Some companions not too long ago roped in embrace homegrown digital funds supplier Paytm and Equitas Financial institution.

Inorganic ways embrace acquisitions; HDFC is amongst frontrunners vying for Citi’s (C) card enterprise which is up on the market.

Outcomes have already proven up not simply within the financial institution’s quarterly outcomes but in addition within the general Indian card panorama; new card issuances in India have been almost 1.1 million in September, a ten.8% leap – the best development price in 11 months – taking the nation’s complete card issuances to 65 million. HDFC has been recognized as a key driver behind the leap.

Prime bank card issuers in India as of 30 September 2021

HDFC Financial institution

14.98 million


12.58 million

ICICI Financial institution

11.7 million

Axis Financial institution

7.51 million

RBL Financial institution

3.1 million


2.59 million

Kotak Mahindra Financial institution

2.44 million

On its monetary statements, the impression was evident in HDFC’s Q2 2022 (quarter ended September 2022) outcomes which noticed retail lending develop 13%, an accelerated development price in comparison with Q1 2022 when retail loans grew 9.3%.

Bank cards are lumped below the retail mortgage phase together with different retail loans akin to private loans, automobile loans, and gold loans amongst others.

Retail charges as a proportion of payment earnings additionally elevated to 93% in the course of the quarter from 91% within the prior quarter.

Wanting forward, the RBI’s lifting of the ban earlier than the festive season is well timed reduction as HDFC sometimes rolls out aggressive reductions and campaigns to encourage spending on shopper durables and thereby revenue from shopper sturdy financing. Other than a festive season enhance, HDFC’s aggressive bank card advertising drive augurs properly for the financial institution’s retail enterprise within the close to time period.

Moreover, co-branded bank card partnerships might assist HDFC’s long run market share growth efforts. ICICI Financial institution which partnered with Amazon Pay (AMZN) to situation co-branded bank cards not too long ago introduced that over 2 million ‘Amazon Pay ICICI Financial institution’ bank cards have been issued since its launch in October 2018.

Amazon Pay is India’s fourth largest digital pockets behind PhonePe, Google Pay (GOOG) (GOOGL), and Paytm (PAYTM), the latter of which is certainly one of HDFC’s co-branded bank card companions.

Moreover, India’s economic system is booming and elevated shopper confidence and spending might drive retail lending, significantly within the unsecured lending phase within the coming quarters. Card spending in India jumped 57% in September on a yr on yr foundation to INR 800 billion in response to figures from the Reserve Financial institution of India (RBI). The present figures are significantly increased than pre-pandemic ranges.

Pundits are of the view that India is on the cusp of a multi-year financial growth with the nation anticipated to notch development charges exceeding 6%, making it among the many quickest rising economies on this planet.

This could additional open development alternatives for HDFC’s high-yielding bank card enterprise on the again of rising shopper confidence and spending.


Alongside a reviving economic system, India’s housing market is on a structural uptrend pushed by rising urbanization, rising incomes, and an increase in nuclear household constructions.

Mortgages are HDFC’s bread and butter enterprise and as India’s largest mortgage lender, HDFC stands out as one of many greatest beneficiaries of an actual property revival.

Property costs have grown at a CAGR of 1%-6% throughout the high-end phase and a pair of%-7% throughout the mid-segment since 2010 when India’s final financial upcycle got here to an in depth. Per capita incomes nevertheless grew at a sooner tempo in the course of the interval at a CAGR of 4% between 2010 and 2020 which has led to housing affordability being at its highest ranges in over a decade.

JLL famous in a report that housing affordability has improved constantly within the final a number of years as incomes rose significantly whereas home costs have been comparatively flat.

HDFC is commonly seen as catering to the mid-to-upper housing market, and the financial institution is thus properly positioned to seize lending demand from this phase. Nonetheless, of late HDFC has additionally been making inroads within the reasonably priced housing phase which has been the driving power in India’s property market accounting for greater than 50% of India’s residential launches within the prime eight cities within the final 5 years information from property consultancy Knight Frank present.

HDFC India housing market

Supply: Free Press Journal

Inexpensive housing is anticipated to develop pushed by a variety of elements together with low rates of interest on house loans (mortgage charges are trending at their lowest in 15 years), stamp responsibility reductions, comparatively mushy housing costs, and favorable demographics to call a couple of.

The vast majority of India’s first time house patrons are aged between 30 and 40. Two-thirds of the nation’s one billion plus inhabitants are beneath the age of 35, almost a fifth (particularly about 18%) of the inhabitants fall between the 20-29 age hole, which signifies super room for housing demand within the coming years.

HDFC Indian population

Supply: Inhabitants Pyramid

IBEF estimates an extra 25 million items of reasonably priced housing are required by 2030 to fulfill a rising city inhabitants and with India’s mortgage lending to GDP standing at simply 6% in contrast with 77% within the U.S. and 59% within the U.Okay., HDFC’s mortgage enterprise has ample runway for development together with a rise in India’s mortgage penetration.

Company lending

The Modi authorities has set bold targets for India’s infrastructure and manufacturing sector over the subsequent half decade. Manufacturing presently accounts for about 16% of India’s GDP and the federal government intends to spice up this to 25% by 2025. Realizing this goal will necessitate appreciable spending on infrastructure, which the federal government has already began.

Central authorities capital expenditure rose 26% YoY in fiscal yr 2021, and the momentum continued with central authorities capital expenditure rising 26% YoY within the first quarter of fiscal yr 2022 and 77% in contrast with the primary quarter of fiscal 2020. Core infrastructure verticals particularly roads, rails, ports, and housing noticed a virtually two-fold enhance in spending YoY in Q1 2022.

Falling NPAs (banking sector gross NPAs have dropped from 12% in March 2018 to eight% in March 2021) and an accommodative financial coverage might lend additional assist for future capex spending and with the federal government main the best way, company investments might properly observe suite pushing up company mortgage demand within the course of. Indian analytical agency Crisil and U.S. brokerage agency foresee India headed in direction of a multi-year capex cycle after greater than a decade.

HDFC has already positioned itself in anticipation of an upswing in non-public capex. The financial institution largely maintains a 50:50 steadiness between retail and wholesale lending, nevertheless its mortgage combine has been seeing a transparent tilt in direction of company lending to seize the oncoming capex growth.

Retail banking accounted for 47% of HDFC’s mortgage portfolio on the finish of March 2021, down from 48.7% a yr earlier, and as excessive as 56% three years again. Wholesale loans in the meantime climbed to 53% in March 2021, up from 45% three years prior.

By September 2021, HDFC’s mortgage combine skewed in direction of wholesale even additional with wholesale’s share rising to 60% whereas retail took the steadiness 40%.

HDFC loan mix

Supply: HDFC report – key parameters for Q2 2022


Whereas there may be appreciable exuberance round India’s financial prospects, a lot of the spending is presently pushed by the federal government however the nation’s comparatively excessive public debt ranges restrict fiscal headroom and will thus curtail fiscal spending. Fitch Rankings, which has a unfavorable outlook on India’s outlook (in distinction to Moody’s and S&P which keep secure outlooks for India) estimates normal authorities debt rose to 90% of GDP in FY2021 from 73.9% in 2020.

Furthermore a 3rd covid wave might additional derail the nation’s financial restoration. Such a state of affairs can impression NPAs.


HDFC’s inventory value has gone sideways this yr whereas friends like ICICI have elevated considerably. A lot of this was because of the RBI restrictions since December 2020 which prevented HDFC from issuing new bank cards. The ban was partially lifted in August serving to present a brief time period carry to the inventory value nevertheless RBI restrictions on launching new digital initiatives nonetheless stays in place till additional evaluation by RBI. This restriction seems to be a drag on HDFC’s share value, and the latest correction of India’s inventory market has not helped both.

Nonetheless, by way of P/E, HDFC’s valuation is at a premium in comparison with friends; nevertheless that premium has narrowed considerably as ICICI gained market share at HDFC’s expense pushing up its share value within the course of.

HDB stock

Supply: Yahoo! Finance

Furthermore, following a moderation in earnings development over the previous few years, HDFC’s P/E has dropped beneath its long run historic common a number of.

HDFC Bank PE ratio

Supply: Y Charts

HDFC goes by means of a tough patch, which might final a number of months till it fixes its on-line banking troubles. Cloud migration and different programs enhancements might take months to implement however probably the financial institution might come out technologically superior.

Essentially the financial institution is sound; regardless of the ban, HDFC has thus far managed to cling on to its crown as India’s largest non-public lender, and the most important lender in India’s housing, and bank card house all of which have super development potential with India’s anticipated financial revival. Though HDFC’s internet income development lagged ICICI over the previous few quarters which isn’t sudden provided that the latter swiftly capitalized on the RBI ban at HDFC’s expense, HDFC nonetheless continues to remain forward by way of profitability, asset high quality, and capital adequacy in comparison with its main rival. An entire rest of RBI restrictions might doubtlessly carry HDFC’s shares, and additional positive factors are attainable within the close to time period because the financial institution addresses its on-line banking points and aggressively works to reclaim misplaced floor. Long run, the financial institution is properly positioned to capitalize on India’s anticipated financial upswing.

Though some could balk on the financial institution’s P/E premium, some could argue this can be a honest value to pay given HDFC’s place as India’s largest non-public lender and probably the most worthwhile ones too.



P/E (as of 26 November 2021)



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Thus, HDFC’s latest under-performance relative to friends could provide a gorgeous alternative to spend money on a high quality financial institution that gives a mixture of profitability, stability, a constant observe document, and a vibrant long run development story.


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