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Muslim prayers: Salah timings, Adhan and rakat


Salah, which means ‘prayer’ or ‘supplication’, is often known as Namaz amongst non-Arab Muslims.
Salah is likely one of the 5 pillars of Islam, which kind the core beliefs and practices of the faith.
The 5 pillars are:

  • Occupation of religion (Shahada). There is no such thing as a God however Allah, and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the messenger of God.
  • Prayer (Salah)
  • Charity (Zakat)
  • Fasting (Sawm)
  • Pilgrimage (Haj)

Salah is compulsory for grownup Muslims and prayer instances are set in accordance
to the motion of the Solar and carried out 5 instances a day as follows:

  • Fajr: Daybreak, earlier than dawn
  • Dhuhr: Noon, after the Solar passes its highest poin
  • Asr: The late a part of the afternoon
  • Maghrib: Simply after sundown
  • Isha: Between sundown and midnight

Praying within the masjid

Muslims can pray wherever. Nonetheless, many Muslims pray in congregation in a masjid.
A masjid is a spot of worship for Muslims.
Praying collectively in a congregation helps Muslims realise that every one humanity is every body are equal beneath the eyes of God.


Other than the 5 every day prayers, there’s an compulsory Friday (Jumuah) prayer.
This prayer is obtainable in a congregation with a sermon on Fridays, rather than the midday prayer.

Adhan: A name to prayer

The general public name to prayer is named Adhan. The Adhan is delivered from the masjid by a muezzin,
who’s the masjid’s designated caller of prayer. In the course of the name to prayer,
the muezzin recites the next Takbir (glorification of God) “Allahu akbar”,
which interprets as “Allah is nice”.

The complete name to prayer is as follows:

Allahu Akbar (God is nice)
Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah (I bear witness that there is no such thing as a God besides the One God)
Ashadu anna Muhammadar Rasool Allah (I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God)
Hayya’ ala-s-Salah (Hurry to the prayer, or stand up for prayer)
Hayya’ ala-l-Falah (Hurry to success, or stand up for salvation)
Assalatu khairum-minan-naum (Prayer is best than sleep. That is solely recited for the morning prayer.)
Allahu Akbar (God is Nice)
La ilaha illallah (There is no such thing as a God besides the One God)

What’s the significance of the Adhan?

The Adhan is delivered 5 instances a day to ask Muslims to carry out compulsory prayers.
It’s common to listen to the decision to prayer in public in international locations with vital Muslim inhabitants.
The Adhan is often recited from the minaret of masjids and
is often delivered going through in the direction of the Holy Kaaba in Makkah.

Performing wudu earlier than salah

Wudu is ablution or an act of washing the physique earlier than performing prayers or the recitation of the Holy Quran.

For a step-by-step information on performing wudu, have a
have a look at right here.

Rakats in Salah

A rakat consists of the really useful actions and recitation of verses of the Holy Quran
practiced by Muslims whereas providing prayers to Allah.
It additionally refers to a single unit of Islamic prayers.


Fajr salah needs to be carried out within the final a part of the night time and earlier than dawn.
Fajr salah consists of two compulsory rakats, referred to as Fard.


Dhuhr salah is the second prayer of the day and is obtainable at midday.
This prayer includes 4 compulsory rakats.


Asar salah is carried out within the afternoon after the Dhuhr prayer.
This prayer includes 4 compulsory rakats.


Maghrib salah needs to be provided at sundown.
Magrib salah consists of three compulsory rakats.


The fifth prayer of the day is the Isha salah.
It consists of 4 compulsory rakats.

There are additionally different prayers together with these 5 obligatory prayers:

Jumuah prayer (provided on Fridays at midday).
Tahjjud prayer (provided within the early hours of the morning. Nonetheless, it isn’t obligatory).
Tarawih prayer (provided with the Isha prayer and solely takes place through the holy month of Ramadan).
Eid prayers (provided on Eid Al Fitr and Eid Al Adha).

The advantages of various positions whereas performing salah:

There are numerous positions whereas performing salah, which embody Qiyam, Ruku, Sajdah and Tashshhud.
There are quite a few advantages in these actions reminiscent of:

  1. Qiyam (standing): It ensures correct blood stream to the decrease portion of the physique, strengthening the leg muscle tissue.
  2. Ruku (bowing): This posture is sweet for the decrease vertebral column.
    It relieves and prevents again ache. It entails stretching of elbows, wrists, knees and ankles,
    thus creating flexibility round all these areas of the physique.
  3. Sajdah (prostration): The act of low bowing or prostration to God in the direction of the qiblah.
    Sajdah maintains blood stream to the mind and stimulates the pituitary gland and pineal gland.
  4. Tashahhud (sitting posture): The posture is just like the Vajrasana, a big Yoga place.
    The place is claimed to strengthen the thigh and calf muscle tissue, enhance digestion,
    and maintain the backbone straight and erect.


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